Artificial Insemination using equine semen is of growing importance in North America. The Canadian horse is diversified across Canada with some horses in the western and eastern provinces having little choice as to which stallion to breed their mare to. A stallion owner should be looking towards this method of breeding to increase the number of mares booked to their stallion while providing different bloodlines to isolated populations. The mare owner should also consider this method of breeding, as the major benefits of AI include:
Along with advantages to Artificial Insemination, one must also consider the disadvantages when deciding to develop an AI program, or if deciding to breed a mare utilizing AI. However, these can be overcome.
As I have stated before, choosing the stallion for your mare can be a difficult task. It is not best to breed to any stallion based solely on price. Consideration must be taken into the pedigree or bloodline of the stallion – Is the stallion related to my mare within three generations? Conformation – Does this stallion improve my mare’s weaknesses? ie narrow chested mare should not be bred to a narrow chested stallion. Performance and Temperament should also be considered. A study with the University of Guelph is considering the level of genetic variation in several breeds of horse, including the Standardbred, the Quarterhorse and the Canadian horse which may aid breeders in the future.
We offer mobile services to aid breeders in training and collection of stallions for use in a transported semen program and, if required, facilities for shipping a mare to be incorporated into an AI program if the owner wishes to have AI services performed for them (ie – if you wish to breed to a stallion standing with AI services only, our facility can do it for you). As well, we offer workshops in training individuals in the processes of Artificial Insemination, including both mare and stallion procedures.